Alma Tinoco Ruiz


Alma was born in Sonora, Mexico, and immigrated to the United States in 2003. Since then, she has served in the United Methodist Church (UMC), primarily doing ministry with the Hispanic/Latinx community. Currently, Alma is a provisional elder in the UMC. Throughout her ministry, she has witnessed that most preachers are poorly equipped to respond to the traumatic injuries marginalized and oppressed communities experience. In contrast, she has been impressed and challenged by the effective way Saint Óscar Romero responded, through his sermons, to the traumatic injuries the marginalized and oppressed people of El Salvador were experiencing during the years he was the Archbishop of San Salvador, 1977-1980. Influenced by Saint Romero’s preaching, Alma is exploring how preachers can effectively respond to the trauma experienced by marginalized and oppressed communities, particularly the community of undocumented immigrants from Latin America in the United States.